|Psychiatric Medical Terminology Tutor
Review and Understanding
medical transcription, I very much enjoy the field of psychiatry.
It is one of my favorite specialties. I have recently successfully
completed two college credit courses in psychology, through a University
College online distance education program. I also had psychology courses
included in my nursing education. My hospital training in nursing
school included a rotation in psychiatry. I have a wealth of knowledge
and extensive understanding to share with you in this medical transcription
tutor section. I am very eager to begin reviewing the medical terminology.
I will discuss the different categories of psychological disorders.
of Common Medical Terms
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, (SSRI's)
- Bipolar, manic-depressive
- Anorexia nervosa
- Bulimia nervosa
- Panic attack
- Obsessive compulsive disorder
- Post traumatic stress disorder
Research has shown that the function of specific neurotransmitters,
such as dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin may be abnormal in
the following mood disorders: anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive
disorders and more.
Depression is a mood disorder characterized by a consistent "sad
state". The person feels very low the majority of the time. A patient
with a "clinical depression" may present the following symptoms:
hopelessness, anxiety, nervousness, loss of appetite, or eating
too much, difficulty in concentration and focus, irritability, difficulty
with sleep, (insomnia, or hypersomnia), cognitive pessimism or negative
attitude, feelings of worthlessness, guilt, sadness, fatigue, lack
of energy, loss of interest in daily everyday activities and decreased
pleasure in life
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors:
SSRI's are a group of antidepressant drugs that increase serotonin
activity, and may help depression.
Behavior and Cognitive therapies:
A treatment plan for depression may include increasing pleasant
activities throughout the day and changing negative thinking to
a positive motivational attitude.
Dysthymia is a chronic feeling of sadness and depression that may
last longer than a clinical depression, but the symptoms may not
be as pronounced as a severe depression.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by symptoms of both depression
and mania, in an alternating cycle. It may also be termed "manic-depressive
disorder." Sometimes the patient feels like their emotions are similar
to riding a roller-coaster. A medication called lithium, or other
mood-stabilizing medications are often prescribed by physicians
for bipolar disorder.
Mania is a feeling of an exaggerated "sense of well-being" and having
lots of energy. Symptoms may include: grandiose ideas, decreased
need for sleep, (insomnia), thoughts that are racing and talkativeness.
This is a disorder in which the person thinks a small change in
a physical, bodily function may cause a major disease. There is
usually a preoccupation with a variety of fears.
Anxiety may be characterized by excessive feelings of worry and
ongoing fears. The central nervous system may produce psychological
and emotional reactions to a perceived danger. The person may experience
nervousness, trembling, restlessness, difficulty with concentration,
feeling of palpitations, shortness of breath or dizziness. There
are different causes and levels of anxiety states.
A phobia is a constant fear of a certain object or situation. A
person may have a phobia about snakes, thunderstorms, school, heights
An example of agoraphobia is a fear of going out into public places,
away from the safety of home, especially when the person is alone.
The person is afraid to be in a situation where they may not be
able to leave if they begin to experience "panic-like" symptoms.
Behavioral therapies, with exposure treatments and systemic desensitization
may be incorporated into a treatment plan.
A panic disorder is when a person experiences frequent, repeated
panic symptoms. The symptoms may include: intense feelings of fear,
dizziness, shakiness, trembling, sweating, feelings of palpitations,
shortness of breath and an ongoing fear of future panic attacks.
Obsessive Compulsive disorder:
Obsessions may be repeated, unwanted, intrusive, thoughts, ideas
or images that are occurring in the consciousness. Compulsions are
repeated behaviors that people perform to help relieve their anxiety.
An example of an obsessive-compulsive disorder is a person who is
preoccupied with the constant fear of germs being everywhere, and
has the constant need to wash their hands.
Anorexia nervosa is a disorder characterized by extreme thinness
and loss of weight. The person does not maintain adequate weight
for their height and age.
A disorder characterized by an uncontrollable ingestion of food,
(binge), commonly followed by purging, (vomiting), or the misuse
Psychophysiological disorders are illnesses that originate from
psychological stress factors combined with organic factors.
Possible examples are: asthma, insomnia, chronic headaches, hypertension
and gastric problems.
Psychosis is a state in which the person loses some contact with
Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder characterized by the following
Hallucinations, (auditory or visual)
Inappropriate affect-their moods and emotions often do not fit the
(Affect is the emotional state or mood)
Research indicates that there may be a brain biochemical abnormality
Dementia usually presents itself with a group of cognitive symptoms
that may come on slowly. Dementia is more common among the elderly
and more prevalent in women. An impairment in memory functioning
is often a main characteristic of dementia. The disease is usually
progressive in nature. Some possible symptoms of dementia are: memory
impairment, confusion, impairment in thinking, judgment, learning
and intellectual reasoning. Sometimes a person will have a change
in their personality. Vascular dementia is caused by a decrease
of blood flow to certain areas of the brain, possibly due to ischemia
or a stroke.
Alzheimer's is a progressive disease that causes a form of dementia.
Some common symptoms are: difficulty with memory, concentrating,
confusion, trouble with focusing and communicating language. The
patient often has social and occupational impairment. The patient
may have trouble completing their everyday living tasks.
A psychiatrist is an M.D. with much extensive medical training in
A psychologist usually has a Ph.D. in psychology. He may do research,
teaching and counseling. He may help teach cognitive and behavioral
Since I enjoy the field of psychology so much, I research and read
much current information on the subject. I often find psychology
books very interesting. I especially enjoy many of the self-help
books. I invite you to click
here to read a thorough description of a great book, "How
To Stop Your Anxiety Now!" The author of the book is David A.
Larson, M.S., C.P.C.C., a licensed psychologist. His book offers
many effective strategies, techniques and skills to reduce anxiety
and panic attacks. It also offers helpful learning strategies for
obsessive-compulsive behavior. The information provided is comprehensive
and up-to-date. How
To Stop Your Anxiety Now! may teach effective skills to help
alleviate anxiety attacks, fear of social situations, worry and
much more. This book also teaches how to gain self-confidence and
peace of mind.
Occasionally, throughout our review studies, I may mention books
that I have come across, that are pertinent to our topic of discussion.
In the future, I will include some additional titles of medical
transcription resource books that I have for my own personal reference.
I certainly hope you enjoyed this Psychiatric
Medical Terminology Tutor review. For additional information,
please see the other sections below:
- Medical Transcriptionists Article
- Learning Medical Transcription Terminology
- Medical Transcription Reports and Chart Notes
- Medical Transcription Consultation Report and Discharge Summary
Please come back each week and
visit my web site for future medical transcription tutor sections,
as I'll be covering many topics in this exciting field.